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The Code of Virginia (§58.1-3201) requires that all jurisdictions in the Commonwealth periodically perform a general reassessment, requiring at least 1 reassessment every 6 years.
In 1977, the code was amended to further stipulate that all property must be assessed at 100% of market value. Since real estate taxes provide the bulk of each jurisdiction's tax revenue, it is essential that property be periodically reassessed to ensure that taxes are levied in an equitable manner.
The last general reassessment was conducted during 2015 and became effective January 1, 2016. The next one will be conducted during 2020 to become effective January 21, 2021 in accordance with current county code.
Once the tax rate is set by the Board of Supervisors, your taxes due may be calculated by using the following formula: - Taxes Due = Taxable Value x Tax Rate - Taxable Value = Assessed Value / 100
For example: If the Assessed Value is $150,000 and the Tax Rate is $0.77:- Taxable Value = 150,000 / 100 = $1,500- Taxes Due = 1,500 x 0.77 = $1,155
$0.77/$100 of assessed valuation
If you feel that a substantial error has been made, then you should schedule an appointment. However, consider the following scenario: you schedule a hearing with the assessors, the assessors consider your position and adjust your assessment down $5,000. Applying the current tax rate of $0.77, the decrease in your annual taxes due would equate to $38.50.
To answer the question, you have to decide whether or not your time and effort is worth the potential change in taxes due.
Caroline joins more than 60 cities, counties, and towns in Virginia that currently charge fees for EMS transport services.
For more information, visit the EMS/MC website.
On even-numbered months such as February, April, etc., the BOS meeting will be held on the 2nd Tuesday.
Work sessions are also scheduled throughout the year as required.
All regular meetings are held at the Auditorium of the Community Services Center, 17202 Richmond Turnpike, Milford, VA 22514.
For more information, contact the County Administrator's Office at 633-5380 or visit their webpage.
For more information, call 804-633-9083 or visit the General Registrar page.
$70.00 Water $180.00 Sewer $15.00 Set up fee
The Planning Commission is empowered by Section 15.2-2160 - 2307 of the State Code of Virginia to:- Appoint subcommittees and/or advisory committees- Approve subdivision plats- Authorize the development of studies and surveys for the preparation of a comprehensive plan- Exercise general supervision of, and make regulations for, the administration of its affairs- Review the adopted comprehensive plan every 5 years- Review and recommend adoption of subdivision, zoning, Chesapeake Bay and other land development regulations and policies- Review and submit an annual capital improvement plan to the BOS
Family subdivisions can be created by right in the Rural Preservation (RP) zoning district only. Family subdivisions differ from minor subdivisions in 4 ways. First, after the land is transferred to the immediate family member it cannot be transferred to a non-immediate family member for 5 years. Secondly, the parcel transferred to a family member has to be a minimum of 2 acres (not 10 acres as required as a minor subdivision in the RP zoning district). Additionally, the newly created parcel has to be served by a 20 foot wide right-of-way from an existing state road. Finally, the parcel has to be used for their family member's immediate housing needs.
A minor subdivision is a division of land where only 2 lots are created; 1 new lot, and the remainder of the original parcel. Both parcels have new creation dates because of this division. Each lot must meet the dimensional criteria as specified in the zoning ordinance for the district in which it is located. Boundary Line Adjustments (BLA) and Lot Line Vacations are also considered minor subdivisions. BLAs are the way in which one parcel transfers acreage to or from an adjacent property. When 2 or more lots are being combined, it is considered a lot line vacation.
However, there are minimum acreage requirements when subdividing property to create a residential building lot. For information on subdividing property please visit the Planning page.
Note: Double frontage lots, for the purpose of setbacks, have 2 front yards and 2 side yards.
Note: The following cannot be used as an accessory building/structure: - Camper- Mobile/manufactured home- Recreational vehicle- Semi-trailer- Shipping container- Vehicle or portions of a vehicle
In other zoning districts the setbacks are the same except the accessory structure cannot be located within the front yard. For example, if the house is located 65 feet from the front property line, the accessory structure must be at least that distance from the front property line.
Typically, proffers relate to such things as use restrictions, timing/phasing of development, off-site improvements, additional aesthetic features, capital contributions and similar items not a part of the normal plan approval process.
In these instances the applicant will request the County modify the proffers to address the particular situation(s). In order for this to occur the applicant will have to submit a proffer amendment application to the County, which provides the reasons for the modification(s) to the original proffered conditions.
Although the BZA has certain discretionary powers in making its decisions, these powers have definite limits. The BZA must always abide by and comply with the powers granted to it by the Zoning Ordinance and the State-enabling act.
The Board of Zoning Appeals is empowered by Section 15.2-2309 - 15.2-2315 of the State Code and Article XVIII, Section 4 of the Zoning Ordinance to:- Hear and decide on variances to the Zoning Ordinance.- Hear and decide on appeals from any order, requirement, decision or determination made by the Zoning Administrator in the enforcement or interpretation of the zoning ordinance. The Zoning Administrator is responsible for interpreting the terms and conditions that are not specifically addressed in the Ordinance. The Administrators decision must be issued in writing and is filed and available for review. The written interpretation must include the rationale for the decision and cite specific policies of the Board of Supervisors (BOS) as expressed in the adopted Comprehensive Plan that support the interpretation.
For more information, please view the Comprehensive Plan.
Contact the Commissioner of the Revenue's Office or visit the Commissioner's Office in person, Monday - Friday 9 a.m. - 5 p.m. at: 212 N Main Street Bowling Green, VA 22427 Contact the
All dog owners must purchase an annual license for all dogs4 months of age or older. Licenses may be purchased at the Treasurer's Office located at 212 N Main Street in Bowling Green. A certificate of vaccination must accompany license applications. The cost is $5 per individual dog. For more information, visit the Treasurer's Office page.
On odd-number months such as January and March, etc., 2 meetings will be held on the 2nd and 4th Tuesdays. On even-numbered months such as February, April, etc., the BOS will hold only 1 meeting on the 2nd Tuesday. Work sessions are also scheduled throughout the year as required. All regular meetings are held at the Auditorium of the Community Services Center, 17202 Richmond Turnpike, Milford, VA 22514. For more information, contact the County Administrator's Office at 633-5380 or
The main county park on Devils Three Jump Road and other recreational facilities (such as miniparks) may be rented by contacting the Recreation Department at 804-633-7277. The Community Services Center auditorium, conference rooms and gymnasium may be reserved by contacting the Recreation Department as well. Fees may apply.
County citizens can register to vote at the Registrar's Office located at 212 North Main Street in Bowling Green. Voters must register at least 29 days prior to the election in which they wish to participate. For more information, call 804-633-9083 or visit the
The Department of Planning and Community Development is responsible for assigning 911 addresses. The office is located at 233 West Broaddus Avenue in Bowling Green (next to McDonald's). For more information, call the office at 804-633-4303 or
Contact the Department of Public Works at 804-633-4386 or
Contact the Department of Parks and Recreation at 804-633-7277 or the Rappahannock Area Agency on Aging at 540-371-3375. For more information, please
Septic permits may be obtained from the local office of the Virginia Department of Health located at 17722 Richmond Turnpike adjacent to Social Services. Please call 804-633-5465 for more information.
Contact Animal Control at 804-633-9041. If after normal business hours and deemed to be a non-emergency, your call will be returned the following day. For more information, visit the
Roads in Caroline County are maintained by the Virginia Department of Transportation (VDOT). Contact VDOT at 540-899-4300 for more information or
Contact the Finance Department at 804-633-5380 or visit the
Contact the Registrar's Office at 804-633-9083 or
Contact your service provider at the phone number listed on the bill. Caroline County serves as the franchise agent for all cable television service providers in Caroline. If you are unable to resolve a concern to your satisfaction, contact the County Administrator's Office at 804-633-5380.
Contact the Commissioner of the Revenue's Office or visit the Commissioner's Office in person, Monday - Friday 9 a.m.-5 p.m., at: 212 N Main Street Bowling Green, VA 22427 For more information,
The County operates 8 solid waste convenience sites located throughout the County. The majority of household solid waste can be disposed of at these facilities. For a site location near you and operating hours, visit the
Access contact information for the
Job openings are posted on the County website and advertised in The Caroline Progress. Many openings are also advertised in The Free Lance-Star. All applicants must complete a Caroline County employment application available online, or by contacting the County Administrator's Office at 804-633-5380 or
Most County offices are open from 8:30 a.m. - 5 p.m. Monday - Friday. Some offices, including constitutional officers, operate on a slightly different schedule. For specific office hours, refer to individual web pages or call the office in question.
Property records can be researched at the Clerk of the Circuit Court located in the main County courthouse on the corner of Main Street and Courthouse Lane in Bowling Green. Contact the Clerk by telephone at 804-633-5800 or visit the
Land use in Caroline County is governed by 3 primary documents: - The Comprehensive Plan and Land Use Map - The zoning ordinance - The subdivision ordinance View the
State law requires every board of supervisors in the Commonwealth to adopt a comprehensive plan and to update the plan at least every five years. The plan is a set of documents that describes the County’s vision of future development. It typically includes maps, plats, charts and other descriptive data. The Comprehensive Plan assists localities in deciding if, when and where to stimulate growth and to prepare for its consequences. The current plan contains several sub-area plans that offer a vision for what future development in certain communities of the County should look like. Current sub-area plans include Ladysmith, Carmel Church, Port Royal, Cedon, Dawn, Chilesburg, Skinker's Neck and Bowling Green/Milford. Many sub-area plans were developed by a committee made up of local residents. Each component was reviewed and approved by the Board of Supervisors following public meetings and public hearings. Copies of the comprehensive plan may be obtained by contacting the Planning Department at 804-633-4303 or by visiting the
Zoning allows the County to regulate land use according to the objectives of the Comprehensive Plan and prevent incompatible land uses within designated areas. The Zoning Ordinance contains text and maps dividing the County into districts, showing the regulations that apply in each district and providing for enforcement, variances, conditional zoning, special exceptions, appeals and penalties. It enables the County to regulate, restrict, permit and prohibit the following in each district: - Areas and dimensions of land, water and air to be occupied by buildings, structures, and uses and courts, yards, and other open spaces to be left unoccupied by uses and structures, including variations in the sizes of lots based on whether public water/sewer systems are available or used - Determine the use of land, buildings & structures and other premises for agricultural, business, industrial, residential, flood plain, and other specific uses - Excavation or mining of soil or other natural resources - Size, height, area, bulk, location, erecting, construction, reconstruction, alteration, repair, maintenance, razing and removal of structures For additional information on the Zoning Ordinance, contact the Planning Department at 804-633-4303 or
The governing body of each Virginia locality must also adopt an ordinance to assure the orderly subdivision and development of land. Subdivision is the process of creating one or more new lots from an existing parcel. The subdivision ordinance includes regulations and development standards for matters such as: - The coordination of streets as to location, interconnections, widths, grades and drainage - The dedication of land for streets, public utility easements and other public improvements - Drainage and flood control - Minimum lot size - Other matters related to land subdivision, the filing of plats and the payment of future development costs - Street surfacing and the installation of water, storm and sanitary sewers, public utilities and other community facilities The purpose of all zoning and land use regulations is to promote and improve the public health, safety, convenience and welfare.
A rezoning is required when a property owner proposes to use land for purposes that are not permitted by the current zoning classification. Rezonings always require a public hearing before the Planning Commission and the Board of Supervisors. Caroline County uses a conditional rezoning process. A conditional request proposes to change the existing zoning district classification to another classification, which permits the proposed use. Additionally, it allows the owner to voluntarily proffer (offer) conditions and/or cash payments which may enhance the proposal, address concerns of nearby property owners and mitigate the fiscal impact of the proposed use. Proffers are similar to covenants, in that they "run" with the land. Once the Board of Supervisors has accepted proffers, however, any changes require a proffer amendment request and public hearings before the Planning Commission and Board of Supervisors. For more information,
The Special Exception/Use Permit (SEUP) procedure provides for certain uses which are permitted in a district, but may require conditions or restrictions that make them compatible with surrounding properties. For example, telecommunication towers require a SEUP. The main differences between a special exception/use permit and a rezoning request are that the SEUP is always for a specific use (such as a telecommunications tower or pool hall), and the County can set the conditions for approval of the permit. In a rezoning request, the applicant voluntarily proposes conditions (proffers) that the County can either accept or reject. Special Exceptions/Use Permits always require a public hearing before the Planning Commission and the Board of Supervisors.
Subdivision is the process of creating one or more new lots from an existing parcel. The Department of Planning and Community Development must review subdivision of land and a subdivision plat must be recorded whenever a single parcel is divided into lots. There are some exceptions, such as a family subdivision. The Planning Commission approves the preliminary and final subdivision plats. For more information,
A site plan is a document prepared by an engineer or surveyor, licensed by the Commonwealth of Virginia, which is drawn to scale showing the proposed improvements for a parcel of land. A site plan is required for all proposed land uses except single-family dwellings and non-intensive agricultural operations. All site plans must be submitted to the Department of Planning and Community Development to receive approval. An approved site plan is required before issuance of building or land disturbing permits.
A building/zoning permit is required for all man-made improvements to real property. Man-made improvements include new homes, additions, renovations, remodeling, a change in use (for example, conversion from a home furnishings store to a restaurant) and accessory buildings/structures over 150 square feet. However, if the accessory building/structure is less than 150 square feet and will have electric/plumbing service or is used in conjunction with a home occupation, it will need to have a building/zoning permit.
A certified house location plat is required when you apply for a building/zoning permit for a new home, addition, or an accessory building over 150 square feet on lots less than 3 acres in size. Note: In Lake Land'Or, Lake Caroline, Bridlewood, Tanglewood, Belmont, Ladysmith Village, Pendleton and Caroline Pines, a certified house location plat is required.
You will need to show the exact distance from each property line to the outside walls of the proposed structure(s). You will also need to show the distance between any proposed accessory building/structure and your proposed house location. The use of distances written as 100 feet or more does not meet the drawn to scale requirement and will result in a delay in processing your permit request.
Note: The following cannot be used as an accessory building/structure:- Camper- Mobile/manufactured home- Recreational vehicle- Semi-trailer- Shipping container- Vehicle or portions of a vehicle
For example: R-1 zoning with a minimum lot size of 25,000 square feet (0.57 acres), the maximum size of the accessory building/structure is 7,500 square feet.
However, the principal structure is only 2,000 square feet. Therefore, the maximum size of all accessory buildings/structures is 2,000 square feet.
Business (B-1) and Industrial (M-1) Zoning Districts-for these districts, refer questions to staff via e-mail, voice mail and/or written messages.
We are a license agent that conducts vehicle-related transactions and provides an alternative to DMVs full service customer service centers, (CSCs).
Documentation is also required if the dog has been spayed or neutered. For kennel licenses, current rabies vaccination information is required for each dog receiving a kennel tag.
Business vehicles, leased vehicles and personal leased vehicles, normally garaged in Caroline County, are taxable regardless of the location of the business.
Proration applies only to motor vehicles, trailers, boats, boat motors, motor homes and camping trailers.
Personal Property Tax Relief - 52%
If you are a new Caroline County resident, you will only be taxed for the months you live in Caroline unless the county you moved from is a non-prorating locality. New residents who move to Caroline County from a non-prorating county will not be taxed again on already taxed personal property. Any newly acquired property, after moving to Caroline County, will be taxed in Caroline.
If within the Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) records your vehicle is registered with Caroline as the Garage Jurisdiction, you will be billed from Caroline County.
Furthermore, as of January 1, 2013 any newly acquired vehicle, whether purchased or transferred to the county, must be registered with the Commissioner of the Revenue’s office.
Now, the personal property tax will be prorated on a monthly basis for property you own and/ or have registered in the county. If you sell or transfer a vehicle out of Caroline County, the tax will be adjusted (prorated on a monthly basis) upon notification provided by you to the Commissioner of the Revenue and Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV).
If the tax has been paid, the appropriate amount of tax will be refunded or it may be credited against any of your other personal property taxes due during the same year.
Taxpayers must also file a tax return by February 1 for mobile homes, campers, boats, outboard motors, farm machinery and aircraft. Property subject to proration must be filed with the Commissioner of the Revenue within 30 days of the purchase or move-in date to Caroline County.
For more information, visit the Commissioner of the Revenue page.
If a vehicle is registered with the Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) indicating that a Caroline County jurisdiction or you filed a return last year, there will be a form set mailed to you detailing each motor vehicle, trailer or boat filed the previous year. The preprinted information on these forms should be changed if incorrect.
"I didn't get the form" does not excuse the late filing penalty. If you do not receive the forms, contact the Commissioner of the Revenue Office.
For more specific information or to arrange a payment agreement to get caught up on your taxes, please contact Sharon Mitchell in the Compliance Department.
Contact the Commissioner of the Revenue.
Outside Virginia: If you move outside Virginia, you are liable to Caroline County for the months the vehicle is registered with DMV as garaged in Caroline County. To avoid problems, make sure you cancel your Virginia tags and register in your new state of residence as soon as possible following your move.
Corrections to the original assessments (including prorated property) are taxed as supplemental tax bills. These are billed at various times during the year and are due 30 days after the billing.
If your vehicle has higher than average mileage, it may qualify for the high mileage reduction. To apply, you must submit your latest state inspection receipt for the vehicle every year to:
The Commissioner of the Revenue’s OfficeP.O. Box 819Bowling Green, VA 22427
Note, the discount only applies when a copy of your latest state inspection receipt is filed on or before February 1 of each year.
The high mileage assessment reduction will be taken from the National Automobile Dealers Association (NADA) January 1 official guide. The amount of the assessment reduction will vary according to the class and age of the vehicle. The value shown in the NADA mileage table will be adjusted from the assessed value. The personal property tax rate will then be applied to the reduced assessment.
Please note, the high mileage reduction does not apply to motorcycles, motor homes, large trucks or trailers.
The last general reassessment was conducted during 2015 and became effective January 1, 2016. The next one will be conducted during 2020 to become effective January 1, 2021 in accordance with current county code.
In order to change the name on a tax bill, a deed of correction must be recorded with the Clerk of Circuit Court.
No. As of August 14, 2018, Caroline County no longer requires a decal to be displayed. All current decals should be removed by December 31, 2018.
No. If you sell a vehicle in which you already paid the vehicle license fee, you will be assessed a separate vehicle license fee on the new vehicle. Contact the Commissioner of the Revenue's office with any questions.
No. You will need to provide proof of payment to the Commissioner of the Revenue's office. Once they confirm that a vehicle license fee has been paid to another Virginia locality, they will not charge a vehicle license fee for Caroline. This only applies if it's within the same tax year and for the same vehicle.